LAW REFORM (MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) ACT

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

   1   Short title

   2   Effect of death on certain causes of action

   3   Power of Courts of Record to award interest on debts and damages

 

THE LAW REFORM (MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) ACT

[Date of Commencement: 6th June, 1955]

Law 20 of 1955.

1   Short title

   This Act may be cited as the Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act.

2   Effect of death on certain causes of action

   (1) Subject to the provisions of this section, on the death of any person after the commencement of this Act all causes of action subsisting against or vested in him shall survive against, or, as the case may be, for the benefit of, his estate:

   Provided that this subsection shall not apply to causes of action for defamation.

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   (2) Where a cause of action survives as aforesaid for the benefit of the estate of a deceased person, the damages recoverable for the benefit of the estate of that person-

   (a)   shall not include any exemplary damages,

   (b)   in the case of a breach of promise to marry shall be limited to such damage, if any, to the estate of that person as flows from the breach of promise to marry;

   (c)   where the death of that person has been caused by the act or omission which gives rise to the cause of action, shall be calculated without reference to any loss or gain to his estate consequent on his death, except that a sum in respect of funeral expenses may be included.

   (3) No proceedings shall be maintainable in respect of a cause of action in tort which by virtue of this section has survived against the estate of a deceased person, unless either-

   (a)   proceedings against him in respect of that cause of action were pending at the date of his death; or

   (b)   the cause of action arose not earlier than six months before his death and proceedings are taken in respect thereof not later than six months after his personal representative took out representation.

   (4) Where damage has been suffered by reason of any act or omission in respect of which a cause of action would have subsisted against any person if that person had not died before or at the same time as the damage was suffered, there shall be deemed, for the purposes of this Act, to have been subsisting against him before his death such cause of action in respect of that act or omission as would have subsisted if he had died after the damage was suffered.

   (5) The rights conferred by this Act for the benefit of the estates of deceased persons shall be in addition to and not in derogation of any rights conferred on the dependents of deceased persons by the Fatal Accidents Act or the Carriage by Air Act, 1932 , of the United Kingdom, as applied to Jamaica by the Carriage by Air (Colonies, Protectorates and Mandated Territories) Order, 1953, and the Carriage by Air (Non-international Carriage) (Colonies, Protectorates and Trust Territories) Order, 1953, and so much of this Act as relates to causes of action against the estates of deceased persons shall apply in relation to causes of action under the aforesaid Acts as it applies in relation to other causes of action not expressly excepted from the operation of subsection (1).

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