1   Short title

   2   Interpretation

   3   Establishment of Central Health Committee

   4   Functions of Central Health Committee

   5   Establishment of Local Boards

   6   Functions of Local Board

   7   Local Board may make regulations

   8   Minister may require investigation of disease

   9   Local Board to furnish reports, figures, etc

   10   Protection of members

   11   Appointment and constitution of committee

   12   Power of Minister when Local Board neglects function

   13   Power of Minister to re-assign functions of Local Board

   14   Minister may make regulations

   15   Penalties in regulations

   16   Minister may give directions in certain circumstances

   17   Publication of regulations

   18   Minister may prohibit assembly of persons

   19   Minister may order closure of public places or schools

   20   Right of entry upon private premises

   21   Recovery of expenses incurred in abating a nuisance

   22   Assaulting and abusing officers, and withholding information

   23   Penalty for breach where no specific penalty is provided

      Minister may amend monetary penalties

   24   Persons entitled to take proceedings

   25   Cost of actions against Local Board, etc

   26   Prosecutions to be commenced within six months

   27   Reference to owner or occupier in certain proceedings

   28   Proceedings need not be brought against all persons jointly liable

   29   Appeal to Minister




[Date of Commencement: 21st February, 1985]

47 of 1974,
20 of 1987,
33 of 1991,
22 of 1996,
7 of 2011.

1   Short title

   This Act may be cited as the Public Health Act.

2   Interpretation

   (1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-

   "communicable disease" means any disease due to a specific infectious agent or its toxic products, which arises through transmission of that agent or its products from an infected person or animal to a susceptible person either directly or indirectly, through the agency of an intermediate plant or animal host, a vector or the inanimate environment and includes any infectious disease and any quarantinable disease;

   "functions" includes duties and powers;

   "Local Board" means the Local Board of Health in respect of each parish established under section 5;

   "Medical Officer" means any medical practitioner in the employment of the Government or any Local Board;

   "Medical Officer (Health)" means any medical practitioner appointed by the Governor-General to be a Medical Officer (Health) and shall include the Chief Medical Officer and any other Medical Officer designated by the Minister to be a Medical Officer (Health) for the purposes of this Act,

   "medical practitioner" means a medical practitioner registered in accordance with any enactment for the time being in force in relation to the registration of medical practitioners;

   "notifiable disease" means any communicable disease declared by the Minister by order to be a notifiable disease;

   "official analyst" means a person in the employment of Government or a Local Board who is so designated by the Minister for the purposes of this Act;

   "owner" includes the person for the time being entitled to receive the rent of the premises in relation to which the word is used, whether on his own account or as agent of or trustee for any other person, or who would be so entitled if the premises were let at a rent;

   "premises" includes all ships and boats within the territorial waters of the Island and all aircraft in the Island.

   (2) The provisions of this Act shall not apply to any premises belonging to or occupied by the Jamaica Defence Force established under the Defence Act, or to any inmate thereof, or to any naval vessel or any aircraft used for state purposes only, belonging to any foreign Government.

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