1   Short title

   2   Interpretation


Property Rights in Registered Mark

   3   Collective marks; certification marks

   4   Property right in registered trade mark

   5   Rights conferred

   6   Joint proprietors

   7   Property right in application for registration of trade mark

   8   Duration of rights

   9   Acts of infringement

   10   Limitation of rights


Registration of Trade Marks; Disqualification from Registration

   11   Non-registrable marks

   12   Protected emblems

   13   Existence of earlier mark

   14   Meaning of earlier trade mark

   15   Honest concurrent use of mark


Application for Registration of Mark

   16   Application

   17   Date of filing

   18   Classification of goods and services

   19   Right to priority

   20   Claim of priority by overseas applicant


Registration Procedure

   21   Examination of application

   22   Publication, opposition, etc

   23   Actions by applicant respecting application

   24   Registration

   25   Further provisions re: registration

   26   Registration subject to disclaimer


Dealings with Registered Trade Marks, Assignment and Transmission


   27   Assignment, etc, of trade mark

   28   Provisions as to licences

   29   Rights of exclusive licensee


Registration of Transactions

   30   Registrable transactions


Infringement Proceedings

   31   Infringement actionable by proprietor

   32   Meaning of infringing goods etc

   33   Special provisions re: exclusive licensees

   34   Rights of other licensees in infringement proceedings

   35   Order for erasure, etc of sign

   36   Order for delivery up, etc

   37   Limitation of time for order for delivery up

   38   Order for disposal

   39   Burden of proving use of mark


Actions Affecting Registered Trade Mark

   40   Renewal

   41   Alteration of registered trade mark

   42   Surrender of registered trade mark

   43   Grounds for revocation

   44   Application for revocation

   45   Grounds for invalidity

   46   Application for declaration of invalidity

   47   Effect of acquiescence


Provisions to Implement International Conventions

The Paris Convention: Supplementary Provisions

   48   Paris Convention

   49   Well-known marks

   50   National emblems of Convention countries

   51   Other state emblems

   52   Emblems of international organisations

   53   Acts of agents

The Madrid Protocol: International Registration [sic]


Functions of the Registrar

   54   Forms

   55   Supply of information

   56   Evidence to award costs, etc

   57   Evidence before Register

   58   Exclusion of liability

   59   Registrar's appearance in proceedings

   60   Appeal against decisions of Registrar


The Register

   61   Register to be kept

   62   Correction of register

   63   Adaptation of entries to new register

   64   Registration prima facie evidence

   65   Contested registration: certificate of validity


General Provisions

Power of Commissioner of Customs Respecting Infringing Goods

   66   Prohibited goods

   67   Power of Commissioner to make regulations

   68   Disclosure of information


   69   Unauthorised use of trade mark

   70   Falsification of entry

   71   Falsely representing trade mark as registered trade mark

   72   Forfeiture

Supplementary Provisions

   73   Offence by partnership; body corporate

   74   Costs

   75   Trusts and equities

   76   Trade mark agents

   77   Jamaican waters included

   78   Rules

   79   Fees

   80   Exemption from stamp duty

   81   Modification of laws

   82   Repeal and transitional provisions




[Date of Commencement: 3rd September, 2001]

32 of 1999,
25 of 2001.

1   Short title

   This Act may be cited as the Trade Marks Act.

Preliminary (section 2)

2   Interpretation

   (1) In this Act-

   "appointed day" means the day appointed under section 1;

   "business" includes trade or profession;

   "certification mark" means a mark indicating that the goods or services in connection with which it is used are certified by the proprietor of the mark in respect of origin, material, mode of manufacture of goods or performance services, quality, accuracy or other characteristics;

   "collective mark" means a mark distinguishing the goods or services of members of the association which is the proprietor of the mark from those of other undertakings;

   "Court" means the Supreme Court;

   "exclusive licence" means a licence, whether general or limited, authorising the licensee to the exclusion of all other persons, including the person granting the licence, to use a registered trade mark in the manner authorised by the licence; and the expression "exclusive licensee" shall be construed accordingly;

   "infringing proceedings" in relation to a registered trade mark includes proceedings under section 36;

   "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

   "publish" means making available to the public;

   "Registrar" means the Registrar of Industrial Property, designated as such pursuant to the Jamaica Intellectual Property Office Act;

[25/2001 s 19.]

   "register" means the register referred to in section 61;

   "registered trade mark" means a trade mark that is actually on the register;

   "sign" includes a word (including a personal name), design, letter, numeral, colour, combination of colours or a combination of the foregoing or the shape of goods or their packaging;

   "trade" includes any business or profession;

   "trade mark" means any sign that is capable of being graphically represented and capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one undertaking from those of another undertaking.

   (2) References in this Act to use (or any particular description of use) of a trade mark or of a sign identical with or similar to or likely to be mistaken for a trade mark, include use or that description of use, otherwise than by means of a graphic representation.

Property Rights in Registered Marks (sections 3-10)

3   Collective marks; certification marks

   Unless the context otherwise requires, references in this Act to a trade mark includes references to a collective mark and a certification mark; and the provisions of this Act shall apply to collective marks, subject to the provisions of the First Schedule and to certification marks, subject to the provisions of the Second Schedule.

4   Property right in registered trade marks

   (1) The registration of a trade mark under this Act confers a property right on the proprietor of the trade mark who is entitled to the rights and remedies provided by this Act.

   (2) Registration of a trade mark shall be in accordance with the provisions of Part III.

   (3) Proceedings may not be instituted under this Act to prevent the infringement of an unregistered trade mark or to recover damages in respect of such infringement, but nothing in this Act shall be construed to affect the law relating to passing off.

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